Active and Passive Voice: When you are active, you do something. When you are passive, things happen to you. This is the same concept as the active and passive voice in sentences.
In the active voice, the subject performs the action described by the main verb. In the passive voice, the action described by the main verb is done to the subject.
Example D.1a, active voice: “The service team collected the parts.”
(subject: service team; main verb: collected)
Example D.1b, passive voice: “The parts were collected by the service team.”
(subject: parts; main verb: collected)
In example D.1a, the subject did the action, so the sentence is active. In example D.1b, the action was done to the subject, so the sentence is passive.
To determine whether your sentence is active or passive, first find the subject and main verb. Then ask, “Is the subject doing the verb?” If the answer is Yes, the sentence is active. If the answer is No, the sentence is passive.
If we describe this concept as a formula, we get this:
S >> V = active (the subject does the action)
V >> S = passive (the action is done to the subject)
Grammatically, the active voice looks like this:
Subject – Verb – Object (i.e., Who did what to whom?).
On the other hand, the passive voice uses the object as the subject of the verb, resulting in
Subject&Object – Verb (i.e., To whom was it done?). Continue reading